Articulation is defined as “the formation of clear and distinct sounds of speech”. When there is misarticulation, this can prevent a child or adult from reaching their full potential both socially and academically. Examples of some common articulation errors include: – “r” and “l” produced as “w” or omitted – “s” and “z” produced with the tongue between the teeth (frontal lisp) – “sh” produced as “s” – “th” produced as “f”
Early Language Development / Late Talkers
Language is defined as “the method of human communication, either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words in a structured and conventional way”. Some children take longer to develop language; sometimes this is due to simply ‘late talking’, other times it’s due to an underlying disorder such as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Difficulty can also present itself in the way of social communication, such as conversations with friends and family, teachers, coworkers, etc.
Stroke / Aphasia
After a stroke, particularly in the left hemisphere, there is often a disruption in either receptive or expressive language (depending on the site of the stroke). This person may have difficulty finding the right word for an item, or they may make substitutions (such as ‘wish-washer’ for ‘dishwasher’). They may have trouble following a conversation. Or, they may have sudden difficulty writing or reading.